What is the meaning of FCL and LCL in FBA head sea transportation?In ocean shipping, there are generally bulk ship transport and container transport. Bulk ship is mainly suitable for special cargo, and those not suitable for containers are loaded on bulk ship. If it is container shipping, there are FCL and LCL in the industry, so what does FCL and LCL mean?
FBA shipping is to send goods to the Amazon warehouse by sea. FBA head-to-head shipping is divided into two modes of transportation:
1. FBA sea freight acceleration (sea freight + express delivery): supports double clearance and tax package, and after the goods arrive at the port for customs clearance and release, the goods will be sent to the Amazon warehouse by express delivery.
2. Sea freight plus card (sea freight + truck transportation): tax is not included in double clearance, and tariffs are paid according to the tax bill. After the goods arrive at the port for customs clearance and release, they will be transported to the destination by train, and then delivered by truck to the corresponding Amazon warehouse.
The FBA FCL in the United States is aimed at Amazon sellers with three types of standard containers with a single cargo volume of 20-foot small container (20GP), 40-foot large container (40GP), and 40-foot high container (40HQ). , After arriving in Los Angeles, New York and other ports in the United States to complete customs clearance, and then go to the US warehouse to complete the operation according to the FBA warehousing standard, the US FBA shipping line will arrange an appointment for FBA warehousing, and deliver to the designated FBA warehouse.
FCL by sea mainly includes the following steps: sales, quotation, receipt of power of attorney, booking and trailer booking, pick-up and loading of cabinets, customs declaration and release, document handover, issuance of bills of lading, collection of freight charges, delivery of goods at the destination.
Among them, the quotation of FBA shipping in the United States usually makes a preliminary quotation to the customer according to the specific shipping requirements of the customer, including the characteristics of the goods, the port of destination, the shipping schedule requirements, the delivery conditions, and other special requirements. Among them, the quotation fee includes: sea freight + surcharge + terminal fee + customs declaration fee + document fee + ISF declaration fee + BOND fee + US FCL delivery trailer fee (+ customs fee).
FBA LCL means that when the carrier or agent receives less than one full container, the goods are classified according to the nature, destination, and category of the goods, and then the goods are shipped to the same destination. At present, FBA LCL is divided into two modes of transportation: direct consolidation or transshipment.
Direct Consolidation: It means that the goods in the container are loaded and unloaded at the same port, and the goods are not unpacked before they arrive at the destination port, that is, the goods are at the same unloading port. This type of LCL service has a short delivery period and is convenient and fast. Here, the seller can be advised to choose direct delivery route, the timeliness is faster.
Transshipment: Refers to the goods in the container that are not at the same destination port, and need to be unpacked and unloaded or transshipped midway. Due to the different destination ports of this kind of goods, the time limit for transportation is also different.
FBA LCL freight LCL = basic freight, the basic freight is calculated according to the maximum value between volume (X1) and weight (X2):
Calculated by volume, X1=unit basic freight (MTQ)×total volume
Calculated by weight, X2=unit basic freight (TNE)×total weight
Weight (W): based on the gross weight of the goods, in metric tons (T), or in long tons (the weight unit adopted by countries that implement the British system, 1 long ton is about 1016 kg) or short tons (used by countries that implement the American system) The unit of weight, 1 short ton is about 907 kilograms (kg).
Volume (M): In cubic meters (m?) or 40 cubic feet, this billing standard is often used for light foam cargo.
Remarks: The above content is only an internal opinion and is for reference only.